Lombardy (Lombardia)

Lombardia is the land of the lakes and rivers, decidedly this is a region strongly influenced by fresh water fish including carp or (reina), chub, perch, whitefish, sardines, and trout; a typical Carp recipe includes marinating the fish in a simple mixture or vinegar, salt, garlic, fennel seeds and black pepper. Next the fish is sauteed with white wine, olive oil, salt, pepper, then served with ground cinnamon, sugar, and bunches of fresh chopped rosemary, sage, basil, and thyme. Other regional recipes include veal, pork as well as  noble game such as deer and quail.

Popular cheeses of the region include Agrei di Valtorta, Bagoss di Bagolino, Belmonte, Bel Paese, Bitto, Bernardo, Bormino, Branzi, Cacioreale, Caprino Lombardo, Caprino Vaccino, Cassatta Nostrana, Casera Crotto, Casolet, Dolcelatte, Erborinato di Artavaggio, Fatuli, Fiuri, Formaggio coi vermi, Formaggio Semigrasso d'Alpe, Formai de Mut dell'Alta Valle Brembana, Garda Tremosine, Grana Padano, Provolone Valpadana, Quartirolo Lombardo, and Taleggio, Valtellina Casera cheese to name just a few.

Wines of this vast region include Oltrepo Pavese Buttafuoco, Capriano del Collie Bianco, Capriano del Collie Rosso (a local popular red with flair), Garda Classico Chiaretto (Our Chef highly recomends this with fresh lake trout), Garda Classico Groppello, Garda Classico Marzemino, Garda Classico Rosso (a classic to be paired with wild game such as wild local boar), Garda Colli Mantovani Bianco, Lambrusco Mantovano, Lugana, Lugana Spumante, Valcalepio Moscato di Scanzo, Oltrepo Pavese Barbera, Oltrepo Pavese Barbera Vivace, Oltrepo Pavese Bonarda, Oltrepo Pavese Bonarda Vivace (aninteresting wine worth seeking out for its supple taste), Oltrepo Pavese Malvasia, Oltrepo Pavese Rosso, Oltrepo Pavese Moscato, Oltrepo Pavese Moscato Passito, San Colombano, San Martino Dell Battaglia, San Martino Della Battaglia Liquoroso (all of the preceeding being DOC wines); and DOCG wines Sforzato di Valtellina, Valentina Superiore; as well as IGT wines Benaco Bresciano, Marzemino, Bergamasca, Franconia, Pavia,  Uva Rara, and Pavia  Rosso.

There are quite a few very interesting fine wines from this region as well as a couple truly extraordinary rare wines to be had as well. First and foremost these the vino from this region is designed to be paired with foods and ingredients typical of the area.

Famous people:

Leonardo Da Vinci (Artist), Alessandro Verri (Author), Pietro Verri (Author,founder of Il Caffe magazine) , Cesare Beccaria (politician, philosopher, jurist), Carlo Porta (Poet), Giuseppe Verdi (Composer)
Famous works of Art: Any work of Leonardo Da Vinci including but not limited to “Mona Lisa”, “The Last Supper” and “Vitruvian Man”, he also drew schematic drawings of inventive devices, such as flying machines, lifts, pumps, and other notable innovative design concepts. "Dinamismo di un corpo umano" The four seasons by Vivaldi and Various structures including Il Duomo, Oiazzi deil Duomo, and the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele designed by Giuseppe Mengoni.
Provinces of Lombardy (Italy):
Bergamo (BG), Brescia (BS), Como (CO), Cremona (CR), Mantova (MN), Milano (MI), Pavia (PV), Sondrio (SO), Varese (VA)

Specialty foods of this Italian region:
Bresola ( a dried seasoned beef), various cheeses including Grana Padano, Bitto, Gorganzola, Crescenza, Taleggio, Mascarpone, and Casolet dell’Adamello and thick unsalted butter. Other regional favorites or typical foods (tipici) include Mostardo (a fruit pickled in mustard seeds), riso or risotto (rice dishes), pasts dishes including a unique pasta called pizzocheri (made from buckwheat), and various dry cured meats including goose salumi and speck which is more like a bacon as well as sweets (dolce) such as Torrone (a nougat conatining nuts), lemons, raisins, apples and various confections.

Must see places:
Lake Garda. Lake Como, Lugano, Park of the Villa Pallavicino, Castellu di Cannero

Wine zones or appellations:
DOCG: Franciacorta,

Capital: Milano
Population: about 8.5 Million

White (bianco): Cardonnay, Garganega, Moscato Bianco, Pinot Bianco, Trebbiano di Lugano, Riesling Renano, Riesling Italico, Sauvignon Blanc.

Red wine grapes (rosso): Barbera, Bonarda, Nebbiolo (Chiavennasca), Pinot Nero, Uva Rara (or literally rare grape)

There are so many great wines from this region to pick a few winemakers and or even nail down just couple of wines absolutely makes no sense. Here are a few appellation wines that could be of interest in no particular order, Garda, Lugano, Oltrepo Pavese, Terrazze Retiche di Sondrio, Sfursat di Valtellina, Capriano dei Colle, and Valcamonica.

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